As a parent, you may often wonder if your child is developing normally. You may make comparisons to other children or wonder when you should be concerned. Fortunately, the there are some specific milestones that your pediatrician will use to check how your child is developing. Milestones are skills or age-specific tasks that most children can do at a certain age range.
When we talk about normal development, were talking about developing skills like:
- Gross motor: using large groups of muscles to sit, stand, walk, run, etc., keeping balance, and changing positions.
- Fine motor: using hands to be able to eat, draw, dress, play, write, and do many other things.
- Language: speaking, using body language and gestures, communicating, and understanding what others say.
- Cognitive: Thinking skills: including learning, understanding, problem-solving, reasoning, and remembering.
- Social: Interacting with others, having relationships with family, friends, and teachers, cooperating, and responding to the feelings of others.
Although each milestone has an age level, the actual age when a normally developing child reaches that milestone can very quite a bit. Remember, every child is unique!
For more information on milestones see:
PBS’s The Whole Child: The ABC’s of Child Development
University of Michigan Healthy Systems
American Academy of Pediatrics: